Changing Log Levels in a Running Application

Photo by Joan Gamell on Unsplash

As a Site Reliability Engineer, my primary directive is to make sure systems are performing well for my customers and to take corrective action when they are not. In the middle of an incident, I often find myself looking at various application logs to determine what is happening in the system at any given time.

When a system is performing well, there is usually no reason to log verbosely. Once you find yourself searching through the logs though, it becomes very apparent that WARN and ERROR level logging are not always sufficient.

This must be a common problem, as Google’s Site Reliability Engineering also mentions how powerful changing log levels can be in a running application. The benefit is obvious — you have a system not behaving like it should, and you need to know why. Restarting or redeploying the system could mask the issue or make things worse. Leaving an impaired system running and increasing the granularity of its logs can help uncover the issue.

So, how do you build that?

Let’s create an example rooted in reality. We’ll build a simple HTTP web server in Go with two endpoints: /-/config and /-/reload. The /-/config endpoint will accept GET requests and display the currently loaded configuration. The /-/reload endpoint will acceptPOST requests and trigger a reload of the logging configuration.

The HTTP handlers for the /-/reload and /-/config endpoints.

Once we’ve got those handlers defined, we need to register them with our server and start it. We will also define an initial logger (using Logrus) so that we have something to start with. I am using Logrus because Go’s standard log package does not support log levels.

Create a default logger, register the handlers and start the server.

Now that we have a functional HTTP server, we need to move on to the core of our code: configuring the logger. We will perform that configuration in YAML. The configurable settings will be the log format (text or json), colors enabled or disabled (boolean; text format only), and the verbosity level of the logs (any of: trace, debug, info, warning, error, fatal, panic).

Let’s define two structs: one for our logging configuration and one for other configuration-related items we might want to add in the future.

The structs representing the configuration for the web server’s logger.

We will also create a config.yaml file. An example configuration will look like this:

logging:
level: info
format: json
colors: false

In order to reload the configuration, we’ll need to read the file from the machine, parse it from YAML into our structs and adjust the logger accordingly.

If we start our server using go run main.go, we will get a message that our server is starting on localhost:8080. We are ready to send requests!

View the currently loaded configuration:

$ curl localhost:8080/-/config

Change the configuration file and trigger a reload (you’ll have to send more requests to see the changes take effect):

$ curl -X POST localhost:8080/-/reload

Do less work

Another key principle of Site Reliability is not performing extra work. Having our server reload a configuration file if it hasn’t changed falls into the “extra work” category. Let’s update our code to only update the logging configuration if the file has changed.

How do we know if the configuration changed?

To ensure we are only performing necessary work, let’s compute and store a hash of the currently loaded configuration internally.

Calculate the SHA256 sum of the contents of the config file.

We can add this hashing functionality to our existing loadLoggingConfiguration function. When the /-/reload endpoint receives a request, a hash of the “new” configuration will computed and compared with the current configuration. If the hashes match, the configuration hasn’t changed and no extra work is performed. If they do not match, the logging configuration is updated.

Use the hashConfig function in the loadLoggingConfig function to compare config files.

The final product

Changing various log settings for the running application.

See the full repository here on GitHub.

--

--

--

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

Why Would You Use POST Instead of GET for a Read Operation?

🔰Amazon SQS : A Case Study🔰

Generate Chapter Summary for Your Audio and Video Files

HONEY BEAR IS NOW LISTED ON NABOX

Diff Think 5 NFT revealed.

Bath & Body-works Clone

An Intro Guide to Rails Text Search

Unit Testing: Advantages & Disadvantages

Unit Testing: Advantages & Disadvantages Featured Image

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Traci Kamp

Traci Kamp

More from Medium

Echo 101: Log management

Structured entry log (Cloud Logging) for Kubernetes Workload (GKE)

Golang Crash Course (The language of DevOps and Cloud)